Gender-based Analysis Plus (GBA+) in the Law Reform Process


This module will explain what Gender-based Analysis Plus (GBA+) means and how to include it in your work.

As was addressed in previous modules, women and their diverse needs are not always considered when laws and policies are drafted. GBA+ is one method to remedy this. This module includes an example of GBA+, as applied to economic policy by the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives (CCPA).

What is GBA+?

Gender-based Analysis Plus (GBA+) is a way to assess how diverse groups of women, men and non-binary people may experience policies, programs and initiatives. The “plus” acknowledges that gender-based analysis goes beyond biological and socio-cultural differences associated with sex and gender. Because we all have multiple identity factors that intersect to make us who we are, GBA+ also considers these other factors, such as race, ethnicity, religion, age, and mental or physical disability.

This “identity factors” wheel shows all the different identities that must be considered by government workers in crafting policy (Status of Women Canada).


Videos on Gender-based Analysis Plus (GBA+)


Gender-based analysis plus research guide

Women and Gender Equality Canada

This resource provides useful information on what is GBA+, how GBA+ research starts with gender and goes beyond, the value of GBA+ research, the links between GBA+ and other research approaches and GBA+ research tips.

Gender-based Analysis Plus research checklist

Women and Gender Equality Canada

By routinely using GBA+ checklists and tools, asking GBA+ questions will become integrated into your thought process.

Apply Gender-based Analysis Plus to your work

Women and Gender Equality Canada

Learn how to apply a GBA+ analysis to your own work. 

Making Women Count

This study, co-published by the Canadian Centre of Policy Alternatives (CCPA) and Oxfam Canada, looks at how women in Canada and around the world are affected by rising inequality, including the burden of unpaid work, the undervaluing of work in predominantly female fields, and the unspoken social norms that see men offered higher wages and rates of promotion than women. Women make up some of the poorest and lowest paid workers in the global economy. And, as the report shows, women are doing more and more work to grow countries’ economies without seeing equal benefits.

The study offers a number of solutions to help make women count, including a shift towards policies that support better wages and access to employment for women, better financial support of public services - like health and child care – to reduce the care burden on women, and a greater focus by governments to prioritize women’s rights.

> read the report

Additional Resources

Take the Gender-based Analysis Plus course

Women and Gender Equality Canada

This course is designed as a basic introduction to GBA+. You will learn to define the key concepts of GBA+ and recognize how various identity factors can influence the experience of federal government initiatives. You will learn to identify how GBA+ can enhance the responsiveness, effectiveness and outcomes of federal government initiatives while applying some foundational GBA+ concepts and processes.

Gender-based Analysis Plus do-it-yourself training toolkit

Women and Gender Equality Canada

The purpose of the Gender-based Analysis Plus (GBA+) Do-it-Yourself Training Toolkit is to assist organizations in developing and delivering tailored GBA+ training.

Engage & Discuss

Are there any factors on the “identity factor wheel” that you or your organization struggled to include in your work? How might you remedy this? 

Find a recent report published by a federal government working group. Does it apply GBA+? What is missing from the analysis? 

Pick a recent piece of work you or your organization produced and go through the GBA+ research checklist. How can you apply it beyond research? What are your strengths and weaknesses? 

Do you see any missing factors in the identifiers used in the current GBA+ analysis that should be added to the “identity factor wheel”?